Writing a scientific paper demands a high level of keenness. Here is a comprehensive presentation on how to write a scientific paper.
Scientists have a unique way of expressing their findings with other scientists. Therefore, writing scientific papers is quite common among scientists of all fields from biology, chemistry, physics etc.
Nonetheless, many scientists are unable to discern the scientific paper format to observe. Understanding the right format helps you craft a logically appealing scientist paper.
Where you need to understand how to write a remarkable scientist paper, ensure to follow the guidelines below.
Format On How To Write A Scientific Paper
- Method and Materials used
- Graphs and Tables
First and foremost, you need to have a title for your scientific paper. When crafting the title, employ some specificity that helps readers understand the content discussed throughout the paper. Understand your targeted audience and craft a title that appeals to their exceptional intellect.
To top it off,
The title can be used to express the results or the subject matter. Catchy titles help hook the reader’s attention.
The scientific paper is followed by detailed information about the author. There are instances when a paper might have more than one author, and they are to appear on the paper as co-authors.
The abstract serves the purpose of giving the targeted readers a detailed review or preview of the scientific research paper. Therefore, a reader will always read through the abstract to acquire a thorough scan of facts and ideas to expect in the research paper.
Otherwise, ensure to write an abstract that is less technical, concise, and clear.
The abstract must never supersede 250 words. Abhor using any citation or abbreviation when writing the abstract.
You need to understand your research questions fully. The introduction helps the readers to understand your research questions and how reading the piece will help answer those questions.
You need to have a statement of the problem and your theme idea presented in the introduction. Your research will concentrate on expounding the solution to the problem.
The introduction should be compelling and stimulating for the readers to read through the paper.
Method and materials used
You need to remain factual during the writing process. Therefore, ensure to showcase ways through which you acquired the information presented throughout the paper.
In addition to that,
Your paper must answer your research questions, and you need to help scientists understand the methodology used to answer the questions.
Other scientists must eye on repeating the experiments hence relying on the methods and materials used in your research. Where applicable, consider pinpointing remarkable ethical considerations.
What are the results you experienced and encountered in your research? You need to avoid discussing the results but instead, summarize your findings either in texts or charts. Manipulating results is disastrous and should be abhorred.
Graphs and tables
Where you use tables and graphs, make sure to incorporate descriptive titles. Always avoid tables and graphs that could be explained with simple sentences.
Examine your results and how they support your hypothesis. Your research questions must be answered through the results recorded.
But remember this,
Where you encountered unexpected results, you should try helping the readers understand the factors that contributed to having different results.
The discussion segment helps scientists understand the significance of the results concerning the subject matter.
There is no rule for including or not including the acknowledgment. The acknowledgments segments help appreciate people that simplified your scientist paper research.
The segment enables you to avail of details for all your content sources. Other scientists have dwelt much into the topic and have shared their findings. Therefore, whenever you cite someone’s work, ensure to include their publication in the reference notes.
Editing Your Scientific Paper
Once you have written your scientific paper, ensure to proofread it. Proofreading makes editing easy.
- Write accurately
- Clarity is Key
- Examine your grammar
Scientific papers must be factual right from the topic. Therefore, ensure to remain accurate from the word go and customize articulate sentences. Ensure to show the reader what you mean without using unnecessary words. Frequently confusing phrases and words must be avoided where possible.
Clarity is key
When crafting the essay, ensure to settle for active voice. Dangling participles must be made abhorrent. The first-person writing style is ideal for scientific essays.
Examine your grammar
The paper must be proofread. Proofreading helps eliminate unwanted grammatical errors. Remain concise and have short and easy to understand sentences.
Let’s not forget,
Scientific research papers must portray an irrefutable rationale to the targeted audience. Therefore, understand the right format before commencing the writing process.
When writing, employ keenness and use words that help the readers understand the image that you need to portray.
An Example Of How To Write A Scientific Paper
The cause of plant diseases.
Just like animals plant too get sick. When diseases affect plants, they get damaged and lowers their yield in production. Plant disease is the impairment of the plants’ normal state that makes it hard for the plant to perform its functions. The question that many people might ask is, what causes plant disease? Plant pathologists have done studies that conclude that pathogens cause plant diseases. Pathogens vary from animals like insects or can be small organisms like viruses and bacteria. I will discuss these pathogens in-depth and how they affect the plant in this essay (Leonberger, pg 1).
Plant disease has three significant factors that are present and are known as the plant disease triangle. These factors are the host, the pathogen, and the environment. The plant usually is the host, and the pathogen attacks specific plants or all plants. The pathogen is the organism that causes by viruses or bacteria, and they infect the host and start living in them. The environment also is very crucial because it creates a space where the pathogen can thrive and survive. Without these three factors, the pathogens cannot survive and thus cannot attach th plants.
Viruses are tiny microorganisms that commonly invade the plant’s living cells, causing an infection to the plant left on the leaves and fruits of the plant. It also causes stunted growth to the plant and deformed leaves, which are yellow. The virus attaches itself to the plant cells and continues to develop more infections, making the plant unable to perform its functions. The plant becomes very weak, and the virus can also be passed from one plant to another through insects. An example of a plant disease caused by the virus is the tobacco mosaic virus that was first discovered in tobacco, but it is known to affect more than one hundred other kinds of plants (Leonberger, pg 13).
Bacteria that are known to cause plant disease are of a single cell and are micro biotics in nature. They are over two hundred types of bacterias that have been known to attack plants. When they enter the host, they reproduce through the process known as binary fission. Bacteria are bot able to enter the plant’s tissues directly like the virus nut uses the openings of the plant to enter. They produce enzymes and colonize the plant system restricting proper water movement in the plant. Bacterias spread though water, e.g., when it rains, winds, and can also be passed by insects. They can even live in the soil for upto five years.the most common disease caused by bacteria is blight, which is in many cash crops (Leonberger, Pg 8).
Fungi are the most common plant pathogens and are known to cause thousands of diseases to plants. They are multicellular and microscopic, and their bodies comprise of tread like filaments called the hyphae. When they attach the plant, they germinate and develop spores and start to utilize the nutrients of the plants, making them weak. They are spread mainly through plant tissue transfer, and the most common type is the cedar-apple rust (Leonberger, 3). Water molds and parasites are also known to cause plant diseases.
After identifying the various causes and effects of pathogens in the plant, it will be important for the farmer to take the necessary precautions to eliminate them. Scientists have developed medicines that will help reduce plant diseases before they can cause more harm. Greenhouses are also an excellent solution to help eliminate the spread of these pathogens. Exclusive management of the pathogens reduces the damage that is associated with the pathogens.
Leonberger, Kimberly, et al. “Plant diseases .” (2016).
Engelbrecht, Christine J. Baker, et al. “Genetic variation in populations of the cacao wilt pathogen, Ceratocystis cacaofunesta.” Plant Pathology 56.6 (2007): 923-933.
How do you write a research paper in PowerPoint?
Here is the format on how to write a research paper in PowerPoint:
Slide 1: Introduction
Slide 2: Hypotheses
Slide 3: Literature review
Slide 4: Methods of Data collection
Slide 5 -8: Data Findings
Slide 9: Conclusion
How do you write an introduction to a scientific paper?
The best way to write an introduction is to ensure you talk about the motives you have presented in the paper and also show the readers the structure to be used.
How do you write a newspaper article for science?
The following are guidelines on how to write a newspaper article for science. Start by locating a good paper, skim through it to determine your interest, obtain the context, interview the author and also get the view of other scientists, finally gather up all the opinions and write your paper.