How to write a critical analysis essay

How to Write a Critical Analysis Essay – Outline and Guide

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Have you been tasked to write a critical analysis essay? If you are wondering how to write one correctly, this article will give you a complete guide on how to write a critical analysis essay from start to finish. Also, we will provide you with a free essay outline and essay sample to ease your writing process.

What is a Critical Analysis Essay?

A critical analysis essay is a type of essay that requires you to analyze an article, text, or another piece of writing. The essay aims to evaluate the author’s argument or point of view.

The main purpose of writing a critical analysis paper is to evaluate another work either critically or negatively. Students must read the assigned text attentively and try to catch all details that can help them understand its hidden meaning. Skipping reading will make you fail to write an excellent essay, sure. Even if you have already read the piece before, read it once again – this time your task is to analyze it from different angles.

Choosing a Critical Analysis Essay Topic

There are several things to consider when choosing a topic for a critical analysis essay. First, selecting a topic you are interested in and feel passionate about is essential. It will help ensure you engage with the material throughout the writing process

Second, it is necessary to choose a topic that has been well-documented in secondary sources. It will give you a solid foundation to build your analysis. 

Finally, select a topic you feel confident engaging with critically. It will help to ensure that your essay is both clear and concise. By following these simple guidelines, you can be sure to choose a critical analysis essay topic that is both engaging and manageable.

How to write a critical analysis essay ; Tips to pick a topic

Here are some good critical analysis essay topics to choose from:

topics on social media

  • The impact of social media on society.
  • The pros and cons of online dating.
  • Negative body image and Instagram trends.
  • Is social media taking us away from the world?
  • Social media’s influence on activism.

Critical analysis topics on health

  • The dangers of genetically modified foods.
  • The benefits of exercise.
  • The rise of obesity in America.
  • Pros and Cons health insurance.
  • The risks of plastic surgery

Critical analysis Essay topics on controversial issues

  • The pros and cons of the death penalty
  • Should marijuana be legalized
  • Should abortion be legalized
  • Animal testing should be banned.
  • Do humans cause global climate change?

unique Critical analysis topics on education

  • The importance of a good education
  • The problems with the education system
  • Early education learning.
  • Single-sex education vs. mixed-sex education
  • Advantages and disadvantages of boarding schools.

A list of Critical analysis essay topics on business

  • Top business languages
  • Changes in international trade
  • Business differences in developing countries.
  • Impact of startups on local economies.
  • Management approaches in different cultural places.

These are just a few ideas to get you started. Once you have chosen a topic, it is time to write.

How to Write a Critical Analysis Essay – Step -by Step Guide

Two key components are essential during this assignment, reading, and writing. We will share tips to help you craft a perfect critical analysis essay. Here are a few steps you can follow to write an excellent essay:

Read the source critically and analyze the test. 

The first step to writing a critical analysis essay is to read the text multiple times. It will help you better understand the author’s argument and how they are trying to communicate it. It is also essential to take accurate notes while reading to refer back to them later.

Once you understand the piece, you should begin to analyze/break down the content in your test and formulate your own opinion from your understanding.

Create an outline.

If you’re tasked with writing a critical analysis essay, you’ll need to know how to create an outline. It will help you organize your thoughts and structure your essay in a way that makes sense.

The outline consists of 5 paragraphs on how to create an outline for your critical analysis essay: 

  1. Introduction- Make sure to give your reader background information for clear understanding.
  1. Thesis statement- Provide your opinion of the work and start by identifying the main points of your argument.
  1. Summary- Present your understanding of the work.
  1. Critique analysis- Organize your evidence in a way that makes sense. You might want to start with the strongest evidence and work your way down, or vice versa.
  1. Conclusion- Summarize your outtakes and offer some final thoughts on your work.

Below we have given a profound explanation of what is expected of each of them.

Write the Introduction

An introduction is the first paragraph of an essay. Its purpose is to introduce a reader to the topic.

  • Title of the work.
  • The author’s name
  • The date of publication

You should start by identifying the main points of your argument. What are you trying to say? Make sure you have a clear statement. Introductions can be tricky in nurturing how to write a critical analysis essay. Sometimes they seem forced or unprepared, or if they’re too long and no one wants to reads them. So how do you strike the perfect balance?

How to write a critical analysis essay - What to include in your introduction

Here are some tips: 

  • Start with something attention-grabbing. 
  • Ask questions.
  • Use a simile or metaphor.
  • Describe an event in colorful detail.

Critical Analysis Essay Introduction Example

How to write a critical analysis essay ; Introduction

Write a Thesis 

A thesis statement is a concise sentence or two that sums up the expression of your argument. To do this, you must understand the foundation of the author’s argument. Your thesis statement should explain what you will be analyzing and why for a critical analysis essay. Ensure your thesis is debatable, specific & focused on the facts of the points you are interpreting. Keep in mind that academic papers are not perfect, so do not believe the entire content of the author.

Write the Body Paragraphs.

Your body should be broken down into two sections, and they include:


In this section, you’ll need to demonstrate your understanding of the article. Make sure to express the article’s most important facts and ideas shortly and clearly so the reader will understand clearly. When presenting the paper’s main points, you should include the following key points:

  • The organization of the text.
  • Discuss the target audience and why the author chose them.
  • The author used literary devices, including rhetorical questions, imagery, and symbolism.

Critical analysis

Your body paragraphs should analyze the main points you introduced in your opening paragraph and develop them further. You will want to provide supporting evidence from your research for each main point you make. When developing your main points, it can be helpful to think about the following question: how does this support my thesis? By thinking about how each point supports your thesis, you can ensure that all of your body paragraphs are focused and relevant. 

In addition, keeping your audience in mind when writing your body paragraph is essential. You will want to avoid using jargon or excessively technical language. Instead, focus on writing clearly and concisely so your reader can follow your argument easily.

Critical Analysis Essay Body Paragraphs Example

How to write a critical analysis essay - body paragraph example

Write the Conclusion

To conclude the critical analysis essay, you must synthesize your arguments into a single, overarching claim about the text. This claim should be based on your close reading of the text and supported by specific evidence from work. Make a clear and concise argument about the overall effectiveness of the text. You can provide a thorough and insightful conclusion to your critical analysis.

Remember to conclude with a firm paragraph that summarizes your argument and leaves the reader thinking.

Critical Analysis Essay Conclusion Example

How to write a critical analysis essay - conclusion example

Proofread and Edit your Essay

After writing your critical analysis, it is essential to proofread and edit your work. This will help ensure that your argument is clear, concise, and free of errors. In addition, editing will also help improve your paper’s overall flow and organization. Once you have proofread and edited your work, you are ready to submit your critical analysis for evaluation.

Critical Analysis Outline Template and Sample

Critical Analysis Essay Outline Template

Critical Analysis Essay Outline Sample

Tips for Writing Critical Analysis Essay 

So now that we have a basic understanding of what is expected when writing, we will elevate your writing skills by sharing a few pointers to give you a go!

How to write a critical analysis essay tips.

Cross-reference your outline

As you write your essay, be sure to keep your outline handy. This will help you ensure that you include all relevant information and that your argument is clear and concise. In addition, it will also help you to avoid unnecessary repetition and will give your essay an excellent flow.

Use Transitional Words and Phrases

When writing your essay, be sure to use transitional words and phrases to help improve the flow of your paper. Transitional words and phrases can help to connect one idea to another and can also help to make your argument more understandable.

Write logically

As you write your critical analysis, it is essential to remember to write logically. This means that your paper should be well-organized and easy to follow. In addition, you will want to make sure that your argument is clear and supported by evidence. By writing logically, you can ensure that your reader understands your statement and can follow your train of thought.

Avoid using rhetoric questions

When writing your critical analysis, it is essential to avoid using rhetoric questions. Rhetoric questions are not meant to be answered but are used to make a point. For example, a question such as “why did the author choose this particular topic?” is not meant to be answered but is used to make a point about the author’s choices. Rhetoric questions can be confusing and make your argument more difficult to follow. Instead, focus on creating a clear and concise statement without rhetorical questions.

Use persuasive language

As you write your critical analysis, it is essential to use persuasive language. This means that you should use language that will convince your reader to agree with your argument. To do this, you will want to use solid and convincing evidence. In addition, you will want to use clear and concise language so your reader can easily understand your argument.

Write in the third person

When writing your critical analysis, it is essential to remember to write in the third person. You should avoid using first and second-person pronouns such as “I” and “you.” Instead, focus on using third-person pronouns such as “he,” “she,” and “it.” By writing in the third person, you can ensure that your argument is more objective and can easily be understood by your reader.

Develop your style of writing

As you write your critical analysis, it is essential to develop your writing style. This means you should focus on using your voice and making your paper unique. In addition, you will want to ensure that your essay flows well and is easy to read. By developing your writing style, you can ensure that your critical analysis is insightful and engaging.

Use each body paragraph to evaluate 1 of the author’s points

As you write your critical analysis, using each body paragraph to evaluate one of the author’s points is essential. This will help ensure that your argument is well-rounded and supported by evidence. In addition, by evaluating one point per paragraph, you can ensure that your paper is clear and concise.

Final Take!

So there you have it! We are glad to know that our how-to write a critical analysis essay will significantly help you. By following the tips we have shared with you, you are well on your way to impressing your professors with your assignments. Thanks for reading, and we hope this article was helpful.

Want to impress your professor with an outstanding critical analysis essay? Bright Writers can help. We offer professional writing services that will take your content to the next level. Contact us today and let us show you what we can do. 

Critical Analysis Essay Example

A Critical Analysis of “Brave New World” by Aldous Huxley

Student’s Name

Institutional Affiliation




A Critical Analysis of “Brave New World” by Aldous Huxley

In many works of literature, the authors’ primary intention is to communicate with their target audience and pass their thoughts. Sometimes, the themes conveyed in the works of art are tailored to critique society. For instance, the novel “Brave New World” by Aldous Huxley written in 1931 and published in 1932 draws a dystopian society (World State) in an attempt to critique the society we live in. A critical evaluation of the novel reveals the dangers that technology poses to society.

For an effective analysis, it is essential to understand what Huxley’s novel is about. “Brave New World” is a futuristic Marx, Helmholtz, and Lenina have been used to propel the overall plot. Through these characters, the author shows the dangers that society may face as a result of technology. For a novel set in the year AF 632, with AF standing for “after Ford”, an assembly that is revered as god-like. The society of the novel, which has been referred to as the “World Estate” entirely depends on science to optimize its efficiency. Children are being “synthesized” in incubators and conditioned to meet the needs of society. Here, procreation between human beings is outlawed. However, as a result of the director’s affair with Linda, a character named John is born. As a normal human being, John is greatly distressed by the dystopian society that has been created. In fact, he ends up hanging himself. From a critical perspective, it is arguable that the primary goal of the author was to caution society about the potential dangers of technology in the human world. For effective communication of the message, it is arguable that the author assumes that the intended audience understands and can relate to technologies that have been discussed in the novel.

From the start to finish, the novel successfully contextualizes the main message, perfectly aligning it with society in the real world. Throughout the text, characters such as John, Barnar

instance, disruption of social ties and loss of ethics have been extensively emphasized. By today’s standards, breeding children in incubators and conditioning them to serve others is considered unethical. Nonetheless, “soma”, a drug, has been used symbolically to represent the powerful influence of technology. However, from a critical perspective, it is arguable that the author is biased against technology. This is because most of the themes that are presented in the novel show the negative impacts that technology may have on society.

In conclusion, the novel “Brave New World” is a futuristic text that clearly depicts the ethical and social challenges that technology poses in society. With technology advancing daily, it is important to put our humanity in check. The text stands as a caution for humanity about the kind of future that awaits if they let technology control them, instead of taking control of society.


Huxley, A. (2007). Brave New World, (1932). Reading Fiction: Opening the Text, 119.

What are the four parts of critical analysis essay?

  1. Identifying the author’s thesis and purpose
  2. Evaluating the author’s argument
  3. Analyzing the author’s style
  4. Interpreting the author’s message

What words do you use in a critical analysis essay?

You will want to use academic words and phrases when writing a critical analysis essay. Words like firstly and secondly. Transitional words such as moreover and furthermore.

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